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Chris_Thuys
Nickel

IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

I have a 12400 appliance with 6 cores and 8 interfaces all 8 interfaces are in use as well as the sync  and management interfaces. this appliance is part of a 2 node active/passive cluster.

Soft irq  has been allocated to cpu0 and cpu1 on both nodes of the cluster.

When I run cpview  on the active node A, I see that 1 cpu (cpu 0) is 100% idle   if I failover to node B then there are no idle cpu's

looking at the cpu affinity (see below) I can see that the interface assignment to each CPU is different on both nodes.

Performance charts for my active appliance show that cpu0 runs at 75-80% during peak time and cpu1 barely breaks a sweat at less than 1% max over 7 days.

Should I think about changing the cpu affinity to better apportiona load on the cpu's ?

Node A 

Interface eth1-05 irq 186 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-06 irq 202 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-07 irq 218 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-08 irq 234 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-01 irq 59 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-02 irq 75 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-03 irq 91 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-04 irq 107 CPU 0 

Interface Sync irq 171 CPU 1 

Interface Mgmt irq 155 CPU 0 

Kernel fw_0 CPU 5 

Kernel fw_1 CPU 4 

Kernel fw_2 CPU 3 

Kernel fw_3 CPU 2 

Daemon wsdnsd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon lpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon pdpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon usrchkd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon fwd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon mpdaemon CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon pepd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon rad CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon vpnd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon in.acapd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon in.asessiond CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon cprid CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon cpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

 

Node B 

Interface eth1-05 irq 186 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-06 irq 202 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-08 irq 234 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-01 irq 67 CPU 0 

Interface Sync irq 171 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-02 irq 83 CPU 1 

Interface eth1-03 irq 107 CPU 1 

Interface Mgmt irq 155 CPU 0 

Interface eth1-04 irq 123 CPU 0 

Kernel fw_0 CPU 5 

Kernel fw_1 CPU 4 

Kernel fw_2 CPU 3 

Kernel fw_3 CPU 2 

Daemon in.acapd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon wsdnsd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon pepd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon rad CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon in.asessiond CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon usrchkd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon fwd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon pdpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon lpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon mpdaemon CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon vpnd CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon cprid CPU 2 3 4 5 

Daemon cpd CPU 2 3 4 5 

 

 

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5 Replies

Re: IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

Automatic interface affinity will dynamically spread interface traffic processing across your SND/IRQ cores (cores 0 & 1) based on traffic loads, so it is not unusual to see the interfaces assigned to slightly different SND/IRQ cores on the two cluster members.

Whether you should adjust the default split between SND/IRQ cores (cores 0 & 1) and Firewall Workers (cores 2-5) depends mainly on how much traffic is accelerated on your system.  Please provide the following command outputs run on the active cluster member for recommendations:

fw ver

fwaccel stats -s

netstat -ni

fwaccel stat

enabled_blades

 

 

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Chris_Thuys
Nickel

Re: IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

Thanks for your help. Also to note the interfaces are configured as 4 bonded interfaces each bond being a high availability pair. On nodea all the standby interfaces are assigned to cpu 1 which would indicate that split across cpu's is not particulary "load balanced."
Further info below.

# fw ver
This is Check Point's software version R80.20 - Build 047
# fwaccel stats -s
Accelerated conns/Total conns : 1202/33715 (3%)
Accelerated pkts/Total pkts : 21963285170/50752857993 (43%)
F2Fed pkts/Total pkts : 7415368470/50752857993 (14%)
F2V pkts/Total pkts : 777807714/50752857993 (1%)
CPASXL pkts/Total pkts : 3519180973/50752857993 (6%)
PSLXL pkts/Total pkts : 17855023380/50752857993 (35%)
QOS inbound pkts/Total pkts : 0/50752857993 (0%)
QOS outbound pkts/Total pkts : 0/50752857993 (0%)
Corrected pkts/Total pkts : 0/50752857993 (0%)
# netstat -ni
Kernel Interface table
Iface MTU Met RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
Mgmt 1500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 BMU
Sync 1500 0 122563045 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 BMsRU
bond0 1500 0 243962102 0 0 0 566693973 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond1 1500 0 23406903897 0 0 0 38342643499 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond2 1500 0 25627339818 0 0 0 20356887097 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3 1500 0 17683706652 468 0 0 12772979254 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3.856 1500 0 7785013865 0 0 0 3492034026 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3.857 1500 0 1713417867 0 0 0 2115165381 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3.861 1500 0 38266829 0 0 0 49687477 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3.879 1500 0 8120683060 0 0 0 7098512060 0 0 0 BMmRU
bond3.880 1500 0 22082896 0 0 0 17580305 0 0 0 BMmRU
eth1-01 1500 0 23406272534 0 0 0 38342641573 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-02 1500 0 631584 0 0 0 2068 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-03 1500 0 261428 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-04 1500 0 25627078484 0 0 0 20356887296 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-05 1500 0 17679464530 468 0 0 12772979265 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-06 1500 0 4242135 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 BMsRU
eth1-07 1500 0 5846443 0 0 0 6610995 0 0 0 BMRU
eth1-08 1500 0 121399058 0 0 0 566693976 0 0 0 BMsRU
lo 16436 0 172125635 0 0 0 172125635 0 0 0 LRU
# fwaccel stat
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Id|Name |Status |Interfaces |Features |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|0 |SND |enabled |eth1-05,eth1-06,eth1-07, |
| | | |eth1-08,eth1-01,eth1-02, |
| | | |eth1-03,eth1-04,Sync, |
| | | |Mgmt |Acceleration,Cryptography |
| | | | |Crypto: Tunnel,UDPEncap,MD5, |
| | | | |SHA1,NULL,3DES,DES,CAST, |
| | | | |CAST-40,AES-128,AES-256,ESP, |
| | | | |LinkSelection,DynamicVPN, |
| | | | |NatTraversal,AES-XCBC,SHA256 |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Accept Templates : disabled by Firewall
Layer FWINT01_Production Security disables template offloads from rule #323
Throughput acceleration still enabled.
Drop Templates : disabled
NAT Templates : disabled by Firewall
Layer FWINT01_Production Security disables template offloads from rule #323
Throughput acceleration still enabled.
# enabled_blades
fw vpn urlf av appi ips identityServer SSL_INSPECT anti_bot mon vpn

# cphaprob show_bond bond0

Bond name: bond0
Bond mode: High Availability
Bond status: UP

Configured slave interfaces: 2
In use slave interfaces: 2
Required slave interfaces: 1

Slave name | Status | Link
----------------+-----------------+-------
Sync | Backup | Yes
eth1-08 | Active | Yes

# cphaprob show_bond bond1

Bond name: bond1
Bond mode: High Availability
Bond status: UP

Configured slave interfaces: 2
In use slave interfaces: 2
Required slave interfaces: 1

Slave name | Status | Link
----------------+-----------------+-------
eth1-01 | Active | Yes
eth1-02 | Backup | Yes

#cphaprob show_bond bond2

Bond name: bond2
Bond mode: High Availability
Bond status: UP

Configured slave interfaces: 2
In use slave interfaces: 2
Required slave interfaces: 1

Slave name | Status | Link
----------------+-----------------+-------
eth1-03 | Backup | Yes
eth1-04 | Active | Yes


#cphaprob show_bond bond3.880

Bond name: bond3.880
Bond mode: High Availability
Bond status: UP

Configured slave interfaces: 2
In use slave interfaces: 2
Required slave interfaces: 1

Slave name | Status | Link
----------------+-----------------+-------
eth1-05 | Active | Yes
eth1-06 | Backup | Yes
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Chris_Thuys
Nickel

Re: IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

 

Here is a representation of the peak period CPU usage. 5 Cpu's average above 50% and cpu2 is very lazy.

Peak CPU.PNG

 

Network throughput for the same period

Peak Network.PNG

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Re: IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

Based on everything you provided it looks like the system is handling your traffic load just fine.  Are you having performance problems?  The load may not be high enough for automatic interface affinity to move things around enough to make the distribution more even in your case.  You don't seem to be hitting the wall at all, so in that case it doesn't matter so much if everything is perfectly balanced.

 

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Chris_Thuys
Nickel

Re: IDLE CPU on 6 core appliance

We are not having any performance issues. We are considering if we add the functions of a different gateway cluster (Juniper SRX) onto this one and wondering if it has enough capacity. This raised the issue of why one cpu is doing nothing and looking into if it is possible do make it share the load and thus reduce overall cpu load. I believe changing the affinity for the various interfaces will only affect 2 of the CPU's and thus not really reduce the overall CPU load.
You don't see an issue with the CPU running at >70% ?
The unit is over 3 years old and due for replacement shortly so most likely a higher spec'd unit will replace it in the next 12-18 months.
What I am hearing is that it is most likely best to not try to fix something that isn't broken.
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