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useful debug command in checkpoint

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Please share useful debug command in checkpoint cli if any.

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Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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"fw ctl zdebug" is a powertool that is not exhausted from being used with "fw ctl zdebug drop". There is not much to be found in Check Point KB or in the documentation. "fw ctl zdebug" is an R&D tool for testing software in development. Therefore, the insert should be used with care. It starts a debugging in the background until it is aborted with CTRL+C. On productive systems it can have a high performance impact. Furthermore, the debug buffer is not the largest.

fw ctl zdebug" Helpful Command Combinations

fw ctl zdebug + packet
fw ctl zdebug + packet | grep -B 1 TCP |grep -B 1 "(SYN)"      <<< change SYN-ACK,ACK,FIN,... and/or UDP,TCP...
fw ctl zdebug + all |grep -A 1 "Monitor" | grep "1.1.1.1"            <<< change IP address
fw ctl zdebug + all |grep -A 2 "Monitor"
fw ctl zdebug + sync                     
fw ctl zdebug + conn |grep "After  VM:" |grep "(SYN)"
fw ctl zdebug + xlate
fw ctl zdebug + monitorall                                                     <<< use with host IP "| grep 1.1.1.1" or network range "| grep 1.1."
fw ctl zdebug + monitor                                                            <<< use with host IP "| grep 1.1.1.1" or network range "| grep 1.1."
fw ctl zdebug + filter conn | grep -A 8 "rule 1"                          <<< change rule number - show connetions to rule xyz
fw ctl zdebug + filter monitor  | grep -A 8 "rule 2"                     <<< change rule number - show connetions to rule xyz

    
Attention, if you turn on debugging, this will affect the performance of the firewall.

A list with kernel debug flags can be found here:

Kernel Debug Flags R80.10

Kernel Debug Flags R77

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9 Replies

Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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Debug command for which blade ?

Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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And do not forget that fw ctl zdebug - this is wrong...

Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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thanks for your time and help

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Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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How can this epic CheckMates thread not be included:

My Top 3 Check Point CLI commands

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Re: useful debug command in checkpoint

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"fw ctl zdebug" is a powertool that is not exhausted from being used with "fw ctl zdebug drop". There is not much to be found in Check Point KB or in the documentation. "fw ctl zdebug" is an R&D tool for testing software in development. Therefore, the insert should be used with care. It starts a debugging in the background until it is aborted with CTRL+C. On productive systems it can have a high performance impact. Furthermore, the debug buffer is not the largest.

fw ctl zdebug" Helpful Command Combinations

fw ctl zdebug + packet
fw ctl zdebug + packet | grep -B 1 TCP |grep -B 1 "(SYN)"      <<< change SYN-ACK,ACK,FIN,... and/or UDP,TCP...
fw ctl zdebug + all |grep -A 1 "Monitor" | grep "1.1.1.1"            <<< change IP address
fw ctl zdebug + all |grep -A 2 "Monitor"
fw ctl zdebug + sync                     
fw ctl zdebug + conn |grep "After  VM:" |grep "(SYN)"
fw ctl zdebug + xlate
fw ctl zdebug + monitorall                                                     <<< use with host IP "| grep 1.1.1.1" or network range "| grep 1.1."
fw ctl zdebug + monitor                                                            <<< use with host IP "| grep 1.1.1.1" or network range "| grep 1.1."
fw ctl zdebug + filter conn | grep -A 8 "rule 1"                          <<< change rule number - show connetions to rule xyz
fw ctl zdebug + filter monitor  | grep -A 8 "rule 2"                     <<< change rule number - show connetions to rule xyz

    
Attention, if you turn on debugging, this will affect the performance of the firewall.

A list with kernel debug flags can be found here:

Kernel Debug Flags R80.10

Kernel Debug Flags R77

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