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How to fully accelerate SIP RTP media streams using SecureXL

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Hi,

 

We deployed a relatively simple Check Point vSec security gateway as the perimeter firewall for a VoIP provider utilising SIP. Public IPs are routed directly to the servers so the only NAT rules apply to VPN clients.

 

We have an ongoing case with TAC regarding SecureXL not forwarding traffic on kernel 3.10, hence the gateway being R80.30 kernel 2.16.18. We have Jumbo Hotfix Accumulator take 50 installed, as the most recent GA release.

 

Architecture:

  • VoIP server in VLAN with gateway pointing at Check Point security gateway
  • Check Point security gateway has eth0 as internet upstream and eth1 in VoIP server VLAN
  • vSec gateway managed by external MDS environment is non-publicly routed subnet (management via eth0)

 

What we've done thus far:

  • Changed protocol objects to not reference SIP, disabling protocol inspection.
  • Firewall blade policy set to use custom udp service object, rule 8.3
  • Application and URL filtering blade policy set to allow all inbound (rule 1) and all outbound traffic originating from VoIP servers using custom udp service object, rule 8.1
  • Threat Prevention policy exceptions have been defined
  • Disabled Hyper Threading on the VM host and pinned guest VM cores to reserved physical cores, on CPU1 (attached to network interfaces)

 

SIP RTP media udp service object details:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_sip_rtp_media_object_1.png

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_sip_rtp_media_object_2.png

 

Network (Firewall) blade policy layer:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_network_policy.png

Application (Applications & URL Filtering) blade policy layer:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_application_policy.png

Threat Prevention - Exceptions blade policy layer:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_threat_prevention_exceptions.png

 

SecureXL stats:

 

[Expert@fwcp1:0]# fwaccel stat
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|Id|Name |Status     |Interfaces               |Features                      |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|0 |SND  |enabled    |eth0,eth1                |Acceleration,Cryptography     |
|  |     |           |                         |Crypto: Tunnel,UDPEncap,MD5,  |
|  |     |           |                         |SHA1,NULL,3DES,DES,CAST,      |
|  |     |           |                         |CAST-40,AES-128,AES-256,ESP,  |
|  |     |           |                         |LinkSelection,DynamicVPN,     |
|  |     |           |                         |NatTraversal,AES-XCBC,SHA256  |
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Accept Templates : enabled
Drop Templates   : enabled
NAT Templates    : enabled

[Expert@fwcp1:0]# fwaccel stats -s
Accelerated conns/Total conns : 10/1882 (0%)
Accelerated pkts/Total pkts   : 2199407627/4400568146 (49%)
F2Fed pkts/Total pkts   : 6510799/4400568146 (0%)
F2V pkts/Total pkts     : 3514127/4400568146 (0%)
CPASXL pkts/Total pkts   : 0/4400568146 (0%)
PSLXL pkts/Total pkts   : 2194649720/4400568146 (49%)
QOS inbound pkts/Total pkts   : 0/4400568146 (0%)
QOS outbound pkts/Total pkts   : 0/4400568146 (0%)
Corrected pkts/Total pkts   : 0/4400568146 (0%)

 

[Expert@fwcp1:0]# fwaccel stats
Name                          Value         Name                          Value
----------------------------  ------------  ----------------------------  ------------

Accelerated Path
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
accel packets                   2199474632    accel bytes                   255604723479
outbound packets                2199468895    outbound bytes                255661260470
conns created                      3331162    conns deleted                      3329257
C total conns                         1905    C TCP conns                             29
C non TCP conns                       1876    nat conns                                0
dropped packets                      26624    dropped bytes                      2028392
fragments received                    1280    fragments transmit                       4
fragments dropped                        0    fragments expired                        0
IP options stripped                     63    IP options restored                     63
IP options dropped                       0    corrs created                            0
corrs deleted                            0    C corrections                            0
corrected packets                        0    corrected bytes                          0

Accelerated VPN Path
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C crypt conns                            0    enc bytes                                0
dec bytes                                0    ESP enc pkts                             0
ESP enc err                              0    ESP dec pkts                             0
ESP dec err                              0    ESP other err                            0
espudp enc pkts                          0    espudp enc err                           0
espudp dec pkts                          0    espudp dec err                           0
espudp other err                         0

Medium Streaming Path
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CPASXL packets                           0    PSLXL packets                   2194716725
CPASXL async packets                     0    PSLXL async packets             2194691770
CPASXL bytes                             0    PSLXL bytes                   253353244667
C CPASXL conns                           0    C PSLXL conns                         1895
CPASXL conns created                     0    PSLXL conns created                3330706
PXL FF conns                             0    PXL FF packets                           0
PXL FF bytes                             0    PXL FF acks                              0
PXL no conn drops                        0

Inline Streaming Path
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PSL Inline packets                       0    PSL Inline bytes                         0
CPAS Inline packets                      0    CPAS Inline bytes                        0

QoS Paths
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
QoS General Information:
------------------------
Total QoS Conns                          0    QoS Classify Conns                       0
QoS Classify flow                        0    Reclassify QoS policy                    0

FireWall QoS Path:
------------------
Enqueued IN packets                      0    Enqueued OUT packets                     0
Dequeued IN packets                      0    Dequeued OUT packets                     0
Enqueued IN bytes                        0    Enqueued OUT bytes                       0
Dequeued IN bytes                        0    Dequeued OUT bytes                       0

Accelerated QoS Path:
---------------------
Enqueued IN packets                      0    Enqueued OUT packets                     0
Dequeued IN packets                      0    Dequeued OUT packets                     0
Enqueued IN bytes                        0    Enqueued OUT bytes                       0
Dequeued IN bytes                        0    Dequeued OUT bytes                       0

Firewall Path
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
F2F packets                        6510843    F2F bytes                       4112863976
TCP violations                           9    F2V conn match pkts                  13981
F2V packets                        3514178    F2V bytes                       1410988147

GTP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
gtp tunnels created                      0    gtp tunnels                              0
gtp accel pkts                           0    gtp f2f pkts                             0
gtp spoofed pkts                         0    gtp in gtp pkts                          0
gtp signaling pkts                       0    gtp tcpopt pkts                          0
gtp apn err pkts                         0

General
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
memory used                            792    C tcp handshake conns                    0
C tcp established conns                 25    C tcp closed conns                       4
C tcp pxl handshake conns                0    C tcp pxl established conns             25
C tcp pxl closed conns                   4    outbound cpasxl packets                  0
outbound pslxl packets                   0    outbound cpasxl bytes                    0
outbound pslxl bytes                     0    DNS DoR stats                            0

(*) Statistics marked with C refer to current value, others refer to total value

 

Resource utilisation is very high, with two CoreXL instances and only 6 Mbps traffic:

 

|------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| CPVIEW.Overview                                           15Nov2019  9:42:49 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Overview SysInfo Network CPU I/O Software-blades Hardware-Health Advanced    |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| CPU:                                                                         |
|                                                                              |
| Num of CPUs:      2                                                          |
|                                                                              |
|       CPU      Used                                                          |
|         0       93%                                                          |
|         1       58%                                                          |
| ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- |
| Memory:                                                                      |
|                                                                              |
|            Total MB   Used MB   Free MB                                      |
| Physical      3,815     1,842     1,973                                      |
| FW Kernel     3,052       785     2,267                                      |
| Swap          4,095         0     4,095                                      |
| ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- |
| Network:                                                                     |
|                                                                              |
| Bits/sec                          8,950K                                     |
| Packets/sec                      15,889                                      |
| Connections/sec                      17                                      |
| Concurrent connections            1,931                                      |
| ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- |
| Disk space (top 3 used partitions):                                          |
|                                                                              |
| Partition  Total MB   Used MB   Free MB                                      |
| /            15,558     6,323     8,521                                      |
| /boot           288        23       250                                      |
| /var/log     19,806       876    17,908                                      |
| ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- |
| Events:                                                                      |
|                                                                              |
| # of monitored daemons crashes since last cpstart         0                  |
|                                                                              |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------------|

 

Load average:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_resources_load_average.png

CPU utilisation:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_resource_cpu_utilisation.png

Network throughput:

fwcp1.gvsc.co.za_resource_network_throughput.png

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Re: How to fully accelerate SIP RTP media streams using SecureXL

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Are you sure that the PSLXL traffic is the actual SIP traffic and not microsoft-ds?  Run fwaccel conns and look for connections with an s/S flag present and confirm that they are indeed SIP.

Assuming that it is SIP in the Medium Path, a TP exception will not make it eligible for acceleration as it only changes the final decision.  You need to define what I call a "null" TP profile.  Create a new TP profile and make sure all 5 TP features are unchecked.  Create a new rule at the top of your TP policy matching the ports and networks similar to your exceptions and specify the null profile as the action.  If you have more than one TP policy layer (not common) you need to add this null profile rule to the top of all TP layers to ensure it does not get overridden by a more restrictive action in another TP policy layer.

Next you may need to make sure that this SIP traffic "falls off" the end of any layer invoking APCL/URLF [Application (Applications & URL Filtering) blade policy layer in your example] and hits an implicit cleanup rule which will be an Accept action for a APCL/URLF policy layer.  If there is any explicit rule matching this SIP traffic in a APCL/URLF-capable layer the traffic will go Medium Path, full stop.

Finally this capability it not quite available yet in R80.30 (it has been back-ported into R80.10 and R80.20 via Jumbo HFA), but as a last resort you can use fast_accel to force traffic matching certain attributes into the SecureXL Accelerated Path no matter what your policy layers say.  This feature should be making its way into a R80.30 Jumbo HFA soon: sk156672: SecureXL Fast Accelerator (fw fast_accel) for R80.20 and above  The only problem with using fast_accel is that SIP might not work at all any more due to the limited inspection capabilities of SecureXL and dealing with NAT of SIP traffic and such, not sure about that.

"IPS Immersion Training" Self-paced Video Class
Now Available at http://www.maxpowerfirewalls.com

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3 Replies

Re: How to fully accelerate SIP RTP media streams using SecureXL

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Are you sure that the PSLXL traffic is the actual SIP traffic and not microsoft-ds?  Run fwaccel conns and look for connections with an s/S flag present and confirm that they are indeed SIP.

Assuming that it is SIP in the Medium Path, a TP exception will not make it eligible for acceleration as it only changes the final decision.  You need to define what I call a "null" TP profile.  Create a new TP profile and make sure all 5 TP features are unchecked.  Create a new rule at the top of your TP policy matching the ports and networks similar to your exceptions and specify the null profile as the action.  If you have more than one TP policy layer (not common) you need to add this null profile rule to the top of all TP layers to ensure it does not get overridden by a more restrictive action in another TP policy layer.

Next you may need to make sure that this SIP traffic "falls off" the end of any layer invoking APCL/URLF [Application (Applications & URL Filtering) blade policy layer in your example] and hits an implicit cleanup rule which will be an Accept action for a APCL/URLF policy layer.  If there is any explicit rule matching this SIP traffic in a APCL/URLF-capable layer the traffic will go Medium Path, full stop.

Finally this capability it not quite available yet in R80.30 (it has been back-ported into R80.10 and R80.20 via Jumbo HFA), but as a last resort you can use fast_accel to force traffic matching certain attributes into the SecureXL Accelerated Path no matter what your policy layers say.  This feature should be making its way into a R80.30 Jumbo HFA soon: sk156672: SecureXL Fast Accelerator (fw fast_accel) for R80.20 and above  The only problem with using fast_accel is that SIP might not work at all any more due to the limited inspection capabilities of SecureXL and dealing with NAT of SIP traffic and such, not sure about that.

"IPS Immersion Training" Self-paced Video Class
Now Available at http://www.maxpowerfirewalls.com

View solution in original post

Re: How to fully accelerate SIP RTP media streams using SecureXL

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I had previously tried disabling IPS (ips off -n) without any difference being shown when then subsequently reviewing 'fwaccel stats -s', after resetting stats (fwaccel stats -r). Following your recommendations however reduced PSLXL traffic from 50% to approximately 5%.

I had found an older article referencing the 'fw_fast_accel' tool, glad its coming to R80.30.

 

I removed the Threat Prevention exceptions and changed the Threat Prevention as follows:

gvsc_threat_excempt.png

 

The connection counting appears to be completely off but packets are accelerated:

[Expert@fwcp1:0]# fwaccel stats -s
Accelerated conns/Total conns : 18446744073709551602/18446744073709551609 (200%) ?!
Accelerated pkts/Total pkts : 104934/113468 (92%)
F2Fed pkts/Total pkts : 1753/113468 (1%)
F2V pkts/Total pkts : 790/113468 (0%)
CPASXL pkts/Total pkts : 0/113468 (0%)
PSLXL pkts/Total pkts : 6781/113468 (5%)
QOS inbound pkts/Total pkts : 0/113468 (0%)
QOS outbound pkts/Total pkts : 0/113468 (0%)
Corrected pkts/Total pkts : 0/113468 (0%)

 

Many thanks!

 

Regards

David Herselman

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Re: How to fully accelerate SIP RTP media streams using SecureXL

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Glad to hear the recommendations helped, as far as the stats looking wacky just run fwaccel stats -r to reset those acceleration counters on the fly.

"IPS Immersion Training" Self-paced Video Class
Now Available at http://www.maxpowerfirewalls.com
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