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ClusterXL maintenance

Hi,

I have a clusterXL of two 5200 FWs, each one R80.10. FW1 is connected to SW1 and FW2 is connected to SW2. FW1 is active and FW2 standby. SW1 and SW2 are connected back to back with a trunk link, cluster is working good, diagram below.

FW1---SW1
              |
FW2---SW2

We need to replace SW1 and SW2 by new SWs with same configuration. This is my plan to replace the switches without downtime:
1.Power of FW2 and then power off SW2.
2.Replace SW2.
3.Power on new SW2 then power on FW2.
4.Verify that cluster is healthy.
5.Make FW2 active and FW1 standby.
6.Power off FW1 and then power off SW1.
7.Replace SW1.
8.Power on new SW1 then power on FW1.
9.Verify that cluster is healthy.
10.Make FW1 active and FW2 standby.
11.End of maintenance.


Q. Should I power off the Firewalls as above? or Should I keep them up and let them resync after each SW is replaced? What is better according your experience and best practices?

Thanks !!

Adel

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5 Replies

Re: ClusterXL maintenance

First documentation to be used is sk107042: ClusterXL upgrade methods and paths - important fact here: Installing a hotfix does not change the Minor software version, therefore cluster members will still be able to perform State Synchronization. Meaning, there is no need to follow 'Full Connectivity Upgrade.'  In order to install a hotfix, follow either 'Minimal Effort Upgrade' or 'Zero Downtime Upgrade'.

So after changing the switch, cluster members will still be able to perform State Synchronization.

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Re: ClusterXL maintenance

Hi Adel,

Since you shutdown the switch in front of the standby member, you don't need to poweroff the firewall.

However, you can additionnaly use the commands "cphastop" and "cphastart" to prevent any unwanted failover to the standby member.

cphastop
Running cphastop on a cluster member stops the cluster member from passing traffic. State synchronization also stops. It is still possible to open connections directly to the cluster member.

cphastart
Running cphastart on a cluster member activates ClusterXL on the member. It does not initiate full synchronization. cpstart is the recommended way to start a cluster member.

Regards,

Benoit

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Re: ClusterXL maintenance

Hi guys,

Gunther:

We are not going to upgrade neither patch the firewalls, juts replace the switches where firewalls connect to. 

Benoit:

As per Checkpoint documentation, those commands should only be run by the Security Gateway, and not directly by the user. 

ClusterXL R80.10 (Part of Check Point Infinity) Administration Guide 

What do you think about leave FWs up and restart them just in case of issues? Does it sound better?

Thanks for taking your time and help me on this!!!!

Adel

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Re: ClusterXL maintenance

Adel,

You can leave the standby firewall powered on and run 'clusterXL_admin down' this will force the standby member to be  'down' when running a cphaprob stat. You can do your maintenance on the switch. When you are done with switch2, run 'clusterXL_admin up' on FW2, wait for them to be Active/Standby. Then, fail traffic over to FW02 when ready so you can do maintenance on SW1 but issuing the same 'clusterXL_admin down' command on FW1, forcing the failover to FW2. 

Steps:

1.) Issue clusterXL_admin down on FW2

2.) Replace SW2 & being back online

3.) Issue clusterXL_admin up on FW2

4.) Verify cluster is back to Active (FW1)/Standby(FW2)

5.) If you want verify state table with fw tab -t connections -s on FW1/FW2 before moving on to next step

6.) Issue clusterXL_admin down on FW1

7.) Verify FW2 is active and passing traffic

8.) Replace SW1 & being back online

9.) Issue clusterXL_admin up on FW1

10.) Verify cluster is back to Active(FW2)/Standby(FW1)

11.) Fail back to FW1 to verify new switch config and successful traffic on new switch

      a.) To fail back to FW1, go back through commands 1 & 3 to force the failover to FW1 and then bring FW2 back in as standby. 

Re: ClusterXL maintenance

Hi guys,

Thanks so much for your feedback. I definitely will keep firewalls power up during the maintenance and use the commands you have recommended it.(I still need to take some decisions on which to use and when). It will save me some time which is great.

Thanks

Adel

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